Sea Ranch, California

Sea Ranch, California
www.tsra.org/

The Sea Ranch is a planned unincorporated community located in Sonoma County, California, United States. It is a popular vacation spot. The community’s development played a role in the establishment of the California Coastal Commission.

Contents

1 Geography and environment

2 Demographics

3 History

4 Design

5 Points of interest

6 See also

7 References

8 External links

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Geography and environment

Sea Ranch is located at 384255 1232716 / 38.71528N 123.45444W / 38.71528; -123.45444 on the Pacific Coast. It is about 100 mi (160 km) north of San Francisco and 120 mi (190 km) west of Sacramento. Sea Ranch is reached by way of State Route 1.

About 12 mi (19 km) north of Sea Ranch is Gualala, California, a small town of about 1,900 people which supports and is in turn supported by Sea Ranch.

Demographics

The U.S. Census Bureau counted 751 residents in the 95497 ZCTA in 2000. The Sea Ranch Association conducted a member survey in 1996; 297 respondents indicated that they live at Sea Ranch full time.

Of the residents in the census tabulation, 365 (48.6%) were male and 386 (51.4%) were female. The median age was 61.3 years. Nine residents (1.2%) were aged under five years, 713 residents (94.9%) were aged 18 years or more, and 287 (12.4%) were aged 65 years or more. The census categorized 732 (97.5%) as white, 8 (1.1%) as black or African American, 2 (0.3%) as Asian, and 9 (1.2%) as two or more races. The census counted 13 residents as Hispanic or Latino. The average household size was 1.88, and the average family size was 2.17. The census counted 1,211 housing units, 365 of them owner-occupied, 35 renter-occupied, and 811 (67%) vacant. The median reported household income was $ 69,327, and the median per capita income was $ 21,587. There were 25 people (3.3%) living below the poverty line.

History

The first people known to be at Sea Ranch were Pomos, who gathered kelp and shellfish from the beaches.

In 1846, Ernest Rufus received the Rancho German Mexican land grant which extended along the coastline from the Gualala River to Ocean Cove. The land was later divided. In the early 1900s, Walter P. Frick bought up the pieces to create Del Mar Ranch, which was leased out for raising sheep. In 1941, the land was sold to Margaret Ohlson and her family.

Architect and planner Al Boeke envisioned a community that would preserve the area’s natural beauty. In 1963, Oceanic California Inc., a division of Castle and Cooke Inc., purchased the land from the Ohlsons and assembled a design team. Principle designers included American architects Charles Moore, Joseph Esherick, William Turnbull, Jr. and landscape architect Lawrence Halprin.

The project met opposition that led to notable changes in California law. While the County Board of Supervisors initially regarded the developer’s offer to dedicate 140 acres (0.57 km2) for public parkland as sufficient, opponents felt more coastal access was necessary. The site, containing 10 miles (16 km) of shore, had been available to the public but would be reserved for private use under the developer’s plan. Areas below high tide were and would remain public property, but the plan provided no access through the development. In addition, California’s coast at the time was only open to the public along 100 of its 1,300 miles (2,100 km).

Californians Organized to Acquire Access to State Tidelands (COAST) was formed in response to this issue, and their 1968 county ballot initiative attempted to require the development to include public trails to the tidelands. While the initiative did not pass, the California legislature’s Dunlap Act did pass that year and required that new coastal development dedicate trails granting public access to the ocean. This episode led to the establishment of the Coastal Alliance, an organization of 100 groups similar to COAST, that placed Proposition 20 on the statewide 1972 ballot. The initiative passed, and it established the California Coastal Commission, which continues to regulate land use on the California coast.

Design

Sea Ranch house designed by Joseph Esherick in 1966.

Sea Ranch is noted for its distinctive architecture, which consists of simple timber-frame structures clad in wooden siding or shingles. The majority of the homes are large, fully-furnished rental houses, though there is also a sizable contingent of full-time residents. The buildings could be considered as a hybrid of modern and vernacular architecture in the Bay Area Tradition, commonly referred to as “Sea Ranch” style.

The original design guidelines suggest that buildings merge into the landscape. Local building codes include various design guidelines such as exteriors of unpainted wood, a lack of overhanging eaves, and baffles on exterior lighting.

Landscaping in The Sea Ranch is regulated by a design manual which prohibits perimeter fences and limits non-indigenous plants to screened courtyards. A herd of sheep is used to keep grass cut low to the ground to reduce the threat of fire during the summer months.

Points of interest

Condominium One (completed in 1965) was awarded the American Institute of Architects 25 Year Award in 1991, and was added to The National Register of Historic Places in 2005.

The Sonoma County Regional Parks Department provides coastal access from six places along State Route 1 in the Sea Ranch area:

Black Point (trail) at 35035 State Route 1

Gualala Point Regional Park at 42401 State Route 1

Pebble Beach (trail) at 36448 State Route 1

Shell Beach (trail) at 39200 State Route 1

Stengel Beach (trail) at 37900 State Route 1

Walk On Beach (trail) at 40101 State Route 1

See also

Sonoma County, California

Gualala, California

References

^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Sea Ranch, California

^ a b “American FactFinder”. United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

^ “The Sea Ranch Association: Member Survey”. http://www.tsra.org/Survey.htm. Retrieved 2007-12-02. 

^ “Fact Sheet: Zip Code Tabulation Area 95497”. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFFacts?&_zip=95497&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelectpctxt=fph&pgsl=860&_submenuId=factsheet_1&&redirect=Y. Retrieved 2007-12-02. 

^ Lyndon, Donlyn. The Sea Ranch. Donald Canty (contributor). Princeton Architectural Press. p. 29. ISBN 1568983867. http://books.google.com/books?id=COuih4K8s3YC&pg=PT32&lpg=PT32&ots=zO_wOGL1NE&sig=ba5J3C2F2Nt64jJ9tD-Ei8PDGgU#PPT32,M1. Retrieved 2007-12-07. 

^ “Bluff Top Trail & Public Access Easements In The Sea Ranch Development” (PDF). Sonoma County Regional Parks. 2004-03-05. p. 3. http://www.sonoma-county.org/parks/pdf/searanch/srmar04.pdf. Retrieved 2007-12-07. 

^ “The Sea Ranch Design Manual and Rules”. http://www.tsra.org/pdf/DesignManual.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-19. 

External links

The Sea Ranch Association

History of the Sea Ranch Area

Aerial Photographs

Coordinates: 384255 1232712 / 38.71528N 123.45333W / 38.71528; -123.45333

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Municipalities and communities of

Sonoma County, California

County seat: Santa Rosa

Cities and towns

Cloverdale | Cotati | Healdsburg | Petaluma | Rohnert Park | Santa Rosa | Sebastopol | Sonoma | Windsor

CDPs

Bodega Bay | Boyes Hot Springs | El Verano | Eldridge | Fetters Hot Springs-Agua Caliente | Forestville | Glen Ellen | Graton | Guerneville | Larkfield-Wikiup | Monte Rio | Occidental | Roseland | Temelec

Unincorporated

communities

Asti | Bloomfield | Bodega | Camp Meeker | Cazadero | Duncans Mills | Freestone | Geyserville | Guernewood Park | Jenner | Kenwood | Lakeville | Mark West | Mark West Springs | Penngrove | Rio Dell | Rio Nido | Salmon Creek | Schellville | Sea Ranch | Two Rock | Valley Ford

v d e

San Francisco Bay Area

Bodies of water

Bodega Bay Carquinez Strait Clifton Forebay Golden Gate Grizzly Bay Guadalupe River Half Moon Bay Lake Berryessa Napa River Oakland Estuary Petaluma River Richardson Bay Richmond Inner Harbor Russian River San Francisco Bay San Leandro Bay San Pablo Bay Sonoma Creek Suisun Bay Tomales Bay

Counties

Alameda Contra Costa Marin Napa San Francisco San Mateo Santa Clara Solano Sonoma

Major cities

San Jose San Francisco Oakland

Cities and towns

100k-250k

Antioch Berkeley Concord Daly City Fairfield Fremont Hayward Richmond Santa Clara Santa Rosa Sunnyvale Vallejo

Cities and towns

25k-99k

Alameda Belmont Benicia Burlingame Campbell Castro Valley Cupertino Danville Dublin East Palo Alto Foster City Gilroy Livermore Los Altos Los Gatos Martinez Menlo Park Milpitas Morgan Hill Mountain View Napa Newark Novato Oakley Pacifica Palo Alto Petaluma Pittsburg Pleasant Hill Pleasanton Redwood City Rohnert Park San Bruno San Carlos San Leandro San Mateo San Pablo San Rafael San Ramon Saratoga South San Francisco Suisun City Union City Vacaville Walnut Creek

Cities and towns

10k-25k

Alamo Albany Alum Rock Ashland Bay Point Blackhawk-Camino Tassajara Brentwood Cherryland Clayton Dixon El Cerrito El Sobrante Half Moon Bay Healdsburg Hercules Hillsborough Lafayette Larkspur Millbrae Mill Valley Moraga North Fair Oaks Orinda Piedmont Pinole San Anselmo San Lorenzo Stanford Tamalpais-Homestead Valley Windsor

Sub-regions

East Bay North Bay San Francisco Peninsula Silicon Valley South Bay

Categories: Coastal settlements in California | Settlements in Sonoma County, California | History of Sonoma County, California | Unincorporated communities in California | National Register of Historic Places in Sonoma County, CaliforniaHidden categories: Infobox Settlement US maintenance

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Ignition Interlock Devices (also known as IIDs) are breath alcohol detection systems used to prevent/deter selected drivers from operating motor vehicles under the influence of alcohol. Essentially, IIDs work like breathalyzers, but they are connected to the dashboard and linked electrically to the ignition system. Before a driver can start the engine, he or she must blow into the device, which then analyzes the ethanol alcohol content of the breath using an electrochemical fuel cell to detect concentration. If the device reads that concentration is greater than a preset limit (usually between 0.02% and 0.04% BAC), it triggers the ignition system to lock and prevent the car from starting. If the fuel cell system does not detect a strong alcohol trace, the ignition will trigger without a problem.

 

To deter people from cheating the IID system, manufacturers employ something called a rolling retest. At random intervals after the ignition has been started, the device will require the driver to retest by blowing into the breathalyzer again. (This prevents drunken drivers from having friends take the test for them). If the driver fails the retest or refuses to take the retest, the device records this information and triggers the car horn to beep and the lights to flash. The only way to silence the horn and get the lights to stop flashing is to turn the car off and to retake (and pass) another breathalyzer test. (For obvious safety reasons, the IID never actually shuts down the car engine.)

 

Ignition Interlock Devices must be maintained and calibrated periodically. Drivers who have been court ordered to install these devices must pay for installation and maintenance. IIDs also record and log noteworthy events. If for instance, a driver attempts to remove the IID device or to circumvent it somehow or to impair fuel cell operation, authorities will be alerted and will set punishments accordingly.

 

California law empowers the courts to impose that IIDs be installed in cars driven by individuals who have been convicted of a DUI in California. These stipulations set out in Vehicle Code Section 14601.2, give the California courts the power to require that said individuals drive with IIDs for up to three years.

 

These intrusive devices can make day-to-day living exceptionally difficult. Particularly in California, where it is nearly impossible to work or do errands without a working motor vehicle. The sentencing practices vary widely depending upon the specific court your case is pending in and variables like the circumstances behind your DUI and the county you are facing charges in can have a substantial impact on whether or not you will be required to have an IID installed on your car.

 

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